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Prof Dr Mehmat Özcan

Dr Özcan is currently working as President of Ankara Strategic Institute, 2011. Previously he was Director of Foreigner Department at the Public Order and Security Secretariat of Ministry of Internal Affairs (2010-2011. His PhD is from the Social Sciences Institute of Sakarya University, 1999, and he obtained his Master’s Degree from the Law Faculty of Aberystwyth University, England, 1994. He holds a Bachelor’s Degree also from the Law Faculty of Ankara University, 1989. His field of specializations is Law of EU, Relations of EU-Turkey, Terrorism and Security, Human Rights, Asylum, Refuge and Migration. He is also teacher at the Policy Institute.

Abstract

Terrorism is a serious threat for all societies from what they are originated from. Terrorism is an identity building process in moving new members from being sympathizers to full-fledged members who embrace violence. Terrorist organization which sympathizes or associates itself with a symbol or an ideal ultimate target would legitimate terror and violence by manipulating the links between the causes, means and ends. In today’s world, unfortunately religion cannot be excluded from the list of abused concepts in the sense that terror exploits for its own targets.

Turkish Hizbullah is a good case to illustrate how Turkey could manage to prevent Religious terrorist group to flourish and spread the violence in its region. First, Turkey drew the picture of organization which is bred by other social problems. Education and literary in education was a key factor to avoid people joining into terrorist organizations. Other cemaats actively engaged in education of Islam and Qur’an ordinary citizens demands. Second, they cooperated with the state and ignored any violent act in their life. They adopted constructive approach and learnt how to live on the system by empowering itself. Last but not least, government introduced Imam Hatip Schools which would teach Qur’an to its students. Number of students in these type of schools absorbed the anger which would bring up due to religious concerns of ordinary citizens.