Dr Muhammad Ilyas Khan
Mr. Muhammad Ilyas Khan is currently working as Director General Research at Council of Islamic Ideology. He holds Master (Arabic), University of the Punjab, Lahore and Master (Islamic Studies), University of the Punjab, Lahore. He has published many research articles in national and international journals.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Assalam O Alaikum
First of all I would like to record reservation on the branding of Islam as ‘radical Islam’, and ‘traditional Islam’, ‘Political Islam’, and ‘Militant Islam. These terms have nothing to do with Islam; these are only single aspects of Islam. Islam has no cast. It is one religion revealed onto Prophets from Adam to Jesus Christ and lastly Prophet Muhammad (PBUH); Islam is the continuity of only this revealed religion. In my discourse I will focus on the system of basic rights is Islam because if we know the rights of others Islam’s system of relations with others there wouldn’t be any hatred to extent that people would slaughter other people. The purpose is if we have the basic know-how of the rules of Islam, then we will have cordial relations with each other.
Islam is the religion which recognizes all revealed religions. It grants them ‘de jure acceptance’, when the other religions, including atheism and shirk it, and accepts them as de facto religion. The Quran says “we have bestowed dignity onto sons and daughters of Adam and Prophet Muhammad PBUH has said “all the creatures are the family of Allah”. The Holy Quran also says “ Holy people are one ummah” Those who know the Quran also know that Islam comes for continuity that people have always been one ummah, based on injunction of Quran & Hadees. The Muslim jurists in the classical era agreed on what rights should be protected in the coverage of consent of protection with Islam. In Islamic law the term is Ismiah and translation is protection or sanctity of person.
Though the initial stages have reexamined the fact that few Christians continued the later debate “who has the right to Ismiah Protection “is it integrity of Humanity or sanctity of it”. Can Islamic law differ for the citizens in terms of Quran for Human Rights or does all humanity of citizenry of Islamic State alone, composed of Muslims and non-Muslims fall under the jurisdiction of Islamic law. These were the Christians who asked “to what extent Muslims were allowed to intervene on legal traditions under the under and on what ground the strongest position in Islamic law was taken by the government and others who followed it, was that there was link between Ismiah and Admiah. Ismiah was due granted on the basis of Admiah. More plainly put, it is to say that those who are sons and daughters of Adam who are provided basic rights stored under the title of Ismiah so the majority of the scholars/Jurists took the stance that the humans beings fall into that category, that advanced human rights universally and unconditionally granted to all by birth on permanent and equal basis by virtue of being a human being which cannot be taken away by any authority. Abu Hanfia identified the concept of ‘Admiah’ or ‘personhood’ with the concept of ‘Ismiah’ and argued that being the child of Adam or human being whether Muslim or not serves as the legal grounds for possessing basic rights and is was called “Ismiah bin admiah” protection for being sons and daughters of Adam. Although the concept of Ismiah and Admiah requires more through explanation we can explain in a simple way the basic human rights are guaranteed to all human beings. These were the majority of the universalistic jurists who took this stance. They used the following main elements while defending their doctrine:
a ) God’s purpose is creating humanity which is central in holding individuals responsible for their actions this cannot be achieved unless all the human beings are granted sanctity they do not enjoy freedom.
b) The humans must be protected because God wants that hatered to be destroyed which is possible only be granted sanctity to each one of them.
c) God in Quran and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) strictly prohibited the slaughtering and slaying of human beings, Islam even protects the human beings woman and children in the times of war.
d) Disbelief or Kufar is not harmful to Muslims unless disbelievers engage in war against Muslims. Jihad is a defence and not an offensive war. Therefore when non-Muslims do not assault other people they should enjoy sanctity. The object is not to exterminate the enemies but to force them with peace and if required with force.
e) Justifying reason for war is protecting sanctity against those who assaulted the religion but the disbelief of enemies is not a valid reason for war against them.
Non-Muslims must be given a chance to learn about Islam because Quran is a message of Allah, Muslims and non Muslims both are addressee of this message so message of this message must be delivered to them. Compulsion in religion is forbidden in Quran. These arguments are based on the notion of basic human rights law it also aims to establish peaceful relations not only among the Muslims and among the non-Muslims from different region.
The protection of the five basic rights the right of religion, reason, intellect honor and property is also considered a common ground for all the religions.
On the Christians of rise of Muslims and Islamic State the jurists found that treaty of is not the reason for ismiah, non-Muslims who are citizens of Islamic state are also protected. The protection is extended beyond the geographies of Islamic State.