Dr. Anwar Bin Majid bin Anwar Eshki
Major General (R) Dr. Anwar bin Majid bin Anwar Eshki is Chairman of the Middle East Centre for Strategic and Legal Studies (MeSc). He is a renowned scholar and has also served a decade in the Kingdom’s Royal Forces. He attained his PhD in law from the prestigious Golden Gate University California, U.S.A. He is a graduate of Military Staff College Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from where he obtained his Master’s degree in Military Studies.
During his military career, Dr Eshki has been assigned to various important and significant posts, within and outside of Saudi Arabia. In the early 60’s, he contributed with the Arab League forces in Kuwait and Iraq. He also accompanied the Late King Faisal to several international summits and meetings, including King Faisal’s visit to Indonesia and Malaysia in the 60s.
Dr Eshki is a seasoned author on strategic and legal issues. He has authored thirty (30) books and sixteen (16) research papers on various topics related to military strategy, international relations and international law. As an international authority on a wide array of subjects related to national and international security, military strategy, international law and foreign relations, he has frequently spoken at national and international forums. He has delivered almost 170 lectures and has also been a frequent speaker at national and international media forums.
Naïf Arab University for Security Sciences launched a training symposium last Ramadan with the participation of twelve non-Arab countries about “Dealing with terrorism and the Saudi Experience”, which is considered a paradigm for the best way of fighting terrorism. In the same month, the number of those who graduated in a training session of counseling, from Prince Mohammad Bin Naif Centers, amounted to 272 benefiters. Counseling is the pillar of Strategy adopted in the Kingdom.
So the Strategy of the Kingdom is based on following up the terrorists before proceeding to commit their crimes, and observing them when they start executing thus thwarting their plans, and arresting them. Thereafter giving counseling to those who were deceived to commit those crimes, and studying the cases and learning lessons so as to improve the plan.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is looking at terrorist groups as misled groups deceived by misperception about Islam, depending on Takfir and legitimizing the killing and versing the blood of others in contravention of the Sharia and thus leading them to commit the crime of terrorism. As for those who did not contaminate their hands with the blood of others, the Kingdom relied on counseling to deal with them.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia planned strategically to counter terrorism on the basis of hard and soft powers. The hard power is executed by the security forces using arms in following up terrorists, and breaking into their sites and attacking them, while the soft power is undertaken by the State on taking care of terrorist families, while directing religious and cultural platforms to identify them and guide them and prevent the manipulation of some of them and calling them and counseling for those who may be misguided by terrorist gangs.
The Security Authorities have brought many terrorists up to face justice and not the Authorities, as the security task is to arrest terrorists, and hand them over to the judiciary to take legitimate and legal procedures against them, and this is what makes terrorists at bay.
The counseling is based on a certain philosophy, which is that there is a difference between normal criminal and political offender, where the normal criminal when arrested shows sympathy and regrets, for this he could be advised, while the political offender, such as the terrorist when arrested and faced with justice he believes that he is not guilty, and that the state is at fault, and that he is right, therefore he must be dealt with by counseling style and not mere advice.
Advising is guidance from one party, while counseling is the reciprocal exchange and sharing in advice, meaning the opening of dialogue with the misled and then convince him of the offense he committed, thus he maybe converted from a criminal to a good citizen and hopefully a collaborator.
One of the Counselors who is an expert and professor of a University faced a misguided terrorist and he said to him: “I want to speak with you, I am not a security man, but I am a professor at the university” The misguided person answered him, saying: “Who told you that I want to talk with you?” The Professor asked him: ‘Why will you not talk to me?’ He said: “Because you’re an infidel”. “Why am I an unbeliever? asked the Professor. He said: “because you are working with the Infidel State”. The professor said to him: “Senior sheikhs are working with the State, he said: “They are all infidels”, he replied: “Your father is working with State”
He said: “My father is an infidel”, then the professor reverted to counseling and, he said to him: “How could I become a Muslim again?” and he said: ‘Say there is no god but God, Muhammad is the Messenger of God, and repent from the work with the State’. The professor pronounced the Shihadat, following which the misguided said to him: “Now you are my brother, now ask what you wish”. The professor started to ask him questions and answered his questions and the Professor explained to him Facts and teachings of Sharia. When he realized that he has been misled he cried: “Why you did not tell us about this? Why were my colleagues killed and why did they kill innocent people? You are responsible for them on the Day of Resurrection, the professor said to him: “As long as you learnt today, you are from here onwards, responsible for informing your family and your brothers”.
Thus the misguided person returned to his religion and his country after he awakening and returned to his senses.